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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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achieve little, the latter might try to persuade the Soviets., but it was very
questionable whether they would adopt a firm stand and squash once and
for all this abortive effort of the Kremlin to crack the * United Allied
Front/ The Soviets' answer to the mild reprimands was merely to increase
their pressure on this point.
The radio station of the Polish Embassy in Kuibyshev was suppressed
by the N.K.V.D.., and the Embassy was informed that all Polish diplo-
matic representatives would probably be isolated.
On February 20, a member of the Ukrainian and All-Union Supreme
Soviet., Alexander Korneichuk3*published an article in Radianska Ukrama,
which was reproduced a day later in the Moscow newspapers^ Pravda and
Izvestia, and, since the Tass agency gave it wide-spread publicity, it was
quoted at great length in the British and American Press.
This article,, while praising the(Polish people/ at the same time criticised
the Polish Government^ the members of which the author termed " land-
lords and imperialists/' and then went on to express the conviction that
" the present Polish ruling circles do not reflect the genuine opinion of
the Polish people." Furthermore,, passing over to the attack, its author
misquoted passages from Polish newspapers in London, and imputed to
the Polish leaders territorial designs on the lands of the Soviet Ukraine,
stretching to the Dniepr river and the Black Sea. Thus, while the
Kremlin, in its official Note., was claiming half the Polish territory, the
Soviet official Press was at the same time accusing the Poles of endeavouring
to occupy part of the U.S.S.R.
Articles such as these against Poland had frequently appeared in the
local Soviet Press during the days of peace, and were part and parcel of
the normal routine of Soviet propaganda. No one took them seriously
in Russia, and no one read them abroad. But, in the strained atmosphere
of Russo-PoKsh relations at this period, when every trifle was noticed and
commented on in the world Press, this article of Korneichuk acted as a
catalyst.
The Polish Press violently reacted against the direct provocation.
Already on February 20 the Polish National Council in London had passed
a resolution that the " integrity of the territory of the Polish Republic
within its frontiers of September i, 1939, and its sovereignty are inviolame
and indivisible. No unilateral acts or illegal activities from any quarter
whatsoever, directed against either the territory and the sovereignty of
the Polish Republic or the rights of its citizens residing in Poland or
* Alexander Komeichuk^ a journalist and playwright, came into prominence
as the author of the play entitled * Front * which expressed the new tendencies—
the recent return to the former ideas of the Russian imperialism.
As a member of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Ukraine, Korneichuk had
entered Lwow with the Red Army and led the anti-Polish propaganda during the
elections and subsequent incorporation of Eastern Poland into the Soviet Union.
He was rewarded by Stalin's Literary Prize* and afterwards nominated on March
23rd 3 19433 as a deputy Foreign Commissar of the U.S,S,R0 and successively in
the beginning of 1944 as the Ukrainian Foreign Minister,